Foot Muscle Spasms At Night

Foot Muscle Spasms At Night: A muscle spasm usually occurs due to nerve irritation. This then causes your muscle to twitch out of control!



What Are Foot Muscle Spasms At Night?

  • Foot muscle spasms at night time are very common!
  • 90-95% of the population reports as having them at one point in their lives.
  • It is only something to worry about if you are a smoker, diabetic or older in age.
  • Foot muscle spasms are due to an improper stimulus of your nerves.
  • They can improperly signal your muscles to contract when your brain says not too.



Causes of Night Foot Muscle Spasms:

  • There is still no exact consensus in the scientific community.
  • But the majority of theories center around an electrical imbalance that has to do with your nerves.

Specific Causes Of Electrical Imbalance:

  • Inflammation.
  • Overuse of your muscles throughout the day.
  • Dehydration due to lack of water.
  • Dehydration due to alcohol or caffeine.
  • Imbalance of electrolytes: magnesium, potassium & calcium.
  • Irritation due to the cold.




How To Relieve Foot Muscle Spasms:

  • Stretch out your feet right away.
  • Massage your foot & leg muscles.
  • Throw your feet over the edge of the bed so that gravity can get to them quickly!


1) Inflammation & overuse of muscles:

  • If your toes or foot muscles are overworked & irritated, this can cause inflammation.
  • Inflammation is when your immune system causes swelling, redness & throbbing in  muscle.
  • This is improperly caused when the muscle or joint is stressed too much.
  • This is most common in athletes or people who spend all day on their feet.
  • Inflammation can decrease the threshold for nerve stimulation.

How To Relieve Toe Cramps:

  • Massage your feet after work.
  • Take some anti-inflammatory medication. This can be topical or oral like Ibuprofen.
  • Stretch your feet out.
  • Do your best to take the load off your feet with orthotics or compression stockings.



2) Dehydradration & Lack of Electrolytes:



  • This is usually due to drinking alcohol or caffeine throughout the day.
  • It can also be due to a large amount of athletic activity without a chance to recover.

How To Relieve Toe Cramps:

  • It is essential to drink lots of water throughout the day.
  • Every college senior knows that you have to drink a Gatorade before bed after binge drinking!
  • This applies for coffee as well as alcohol.
  • Make sure to always stay hydrated.



3)Cold Feet At Night:

  • The cold is a major cause of exciting your nerves.
  • As it gets colder, your blood vessels close off in the area & alter your fluid flow.
  • This can decrease the nerve threshold in your feet.
  • This is a major cause of muscle spasms!

How To Relieve Toe Cramps:

  • Get some thicker sheets.
  • Put on some socks!




Dangerous Causes Of Foot Muscle Spasms:

1)Peripheral vascular disease (Poor Circulation):

  • This is a very common cause of cramps in the older population.
  • It is also very common if you are a smoker or have diabetes.
  • This cramping is due to a lack of blood flow to your feet.
  • It typically shows up in the arch of your foot.

Why Does This Happen?

  • This occurs when your feet are elevated.
  • Your heart has a more difficult time sending blood to your feet from your heart.
  • If you drop your feet over the bed, gravity gets the blood to the feet.
  • Once the muscle gets oxygen, the pain gets much better.

Consider this if:

  • You are over the age of 45 years old.
  • If you are a smoker.
  • If you have diabetes.
  • If you have arteriosclerosis.
  • If you have had a prior problem with your heart.

How To Relieve Foot Cramps:

  • Go see your podiatrist as soon as possible.
  • You will likely need a vascular workup.
  • This is essential because peripheral vascular disease is a major killer in the world.
  • It has very high mortality rate & must be treated aggressively!



2) Peripheral Neuropathy:

  •  This is most commonly seen in diabetics & chronic alcoholics.
  • Peripheral neuropathy is essentially dysfuction of the nerves further away from the spine.
  • This is called a stocking & glove distribution, because the hands & feet start experiencing symptoms first.
  • This can cause nerve pain, cramping, sweating & temperature abnormalities among many others.

How To Relieve Foot Cramps:

  • Go see your podiatrist as soon as possible.
  • You will likely need a neurological workup.
  • Peripheral neuropathy can be slowed or even reversed with nutrition therapy & lifestyle changes.
  • Medication can control the nerve pain & symptoms.