Sprained Big Toe Joint Treatment
Sprained Big Toe Joint Treatment: This can take a few weeks or even a few months to get better. The real key is keeping your big toe stable!
A sprained big toe usually causes pain in the entire big toe joint:
- Pain in the entire big toe.
- Possible numbness, burning & tingling due to nerve irritation.
- Swelling & edema in the big toe joint.
- Swelling & edema in the big toe.
- Bruising at the bottom of the big toe a day or two later.
Causes Of A Big Toe Sprain:
- A sprained big toe usually happens when the big toe is forcibly bent backwards.
- The big toe is usually firmly planted on the ground as your body weight goes over the big toe joint.
- It is very common in sports.
- This is the famous “turf toe” injury.
Sprained Big Toe Recovery Time:
There are three grades of sprained big toe injuries. The recovery time can very based on what grade of sprain you have. Don’t worry, most sprains are a grade 1 injury.
1) Grade 1 Sprain:
- The joint capsule & plantar anatomy are simply stretched.
- This is the vast majority of big toe sprains, no matter how painful they are initially.
- This results in a more mild amount of swelling & bruising.
- Perform initial treatment as detailed below.
Sprained Big Toe Recovery Time: 1-2 weeks.
2) Grade 2 Sprain:
- This is a partial tear of the plantar anatomy.
- This results in severe bruising & swelling.
- It is usually indistinguishable from a grade 1 sprain early on.
- This likely does not need any surgery or intervention.
- It is a good idea to head in for precautionary imaging at your podiatrist’s office.
- Perform initial treatment as detailed below.
Sprained Big Toe Recovery Time: 2-4 weeks.
3) Grade 3 Sprain:
- This is a complete tear of the plantar anatomy.
- This causes severe swelling & bruising.
- There is likely an inability to move the big toe joint.
- There is possible deformity in the big toe joint.
- This will require a visit to the podiatrist for imaging and intervention.
Sprained Big Toe Recovery Time: 2-3 Months. Will require podiatrist intervention & imaging.
Is My Big Toe Broken Or Sprained?
- This is very difficult to say for sure.
- The only way to know 100% is to head to your podiatrist’s office or the ER for X-ray imaging.
- There are many cases where a sprained big toe looks worse than a broken toe.
- There are other cases where very mild injuries can result in a broken toe.
Think broken toe if:
- Crunching noise during the injury.
- Severe swelling & bruising.
- Complete inability to move the toe.
- Obvious deformity.
Sprained Big Toe Treatment:
A) Ice The Big Toe:
- Icing is most beneficial to the big toe sprain immediately after the injury.
- The ideal amount of icing is for approximately 20 minutes, with a 1 hour break or more in between.
- This allows the arteries to vasodilate after the ice is removed to flush all the inflammatory cells out of the area.
- Ice is generally a better idea to use after the injury than heat.
B)Elevation of the Big Toe Joint To Prevent Swelling.:
- Elevating can help, it is not the most essential part of the treatment.
- While watching TV just keep your feet up and you will feel your big toe throbbing less.
- This is a good idea if you are having less pain to this site.
- This is a little bit less practical for the big toe compared to the rest of the foot.
- This can help keep your swelling down if you are able to tape the foot.
D)Topical Anti-Inflammatory Medications:
- Some of these are prescription creams. They are not the most beneficial thing for you in this type of injury.
- Capsaicin & Voltaren gel works great.
- Biofreeze or anything with menthol in it.
- These include Ibuprofen & Aspirin, but again you don’t want to simple just start taking a massive amount of these pills.
- Check with your podiatrist if you have any issues regarding this ahead of time.
- They initially don’t kick in at the beginning, but as a few days go on, your pain and inflammation should definitely start decreasing.
F)Use taping to keep pressure off of this site,:
- Taping can be performed to keep pressure off this site.
- This prevents the big toe from bending upward and injury the joint further.
- If the big toe is not bent up, it is not nearly aggravated as much.
G)Get yourself a good supportive shoe:
- A great supportive running shoe can definitely keep pressure off the foot.
- Make sure the shoe is as supportive as possible.
- Make sure you can’t push the heel down with your thumb, also make sure you can’t collapse the front of the shoe.
H)Get a Turf Toe Gait Plate for the Big Toe Joint:
- A turf toe plate can be purchased usually for less than $40.
- This is used to put into the shoe, this keeps pressure off the bottom of the big toe.
- With lower grades of injury you can basically start moving pretty quickly.
- This is probably the most important and beneficial part of treatment.
For information on big toe pain, click this link: