Strained Ankle Tendon & Ligaments
Strained Ankle Tendon & Ligaments: Find out what muscles are strained & what ligaments are sprained in your ankle.
Strained Ankle Tendon vs Sprained Ankle Ligaments:
- Tendons: are muscular attachments to the bone.
- Tendons experience strains.
- Ligaments: are the attachments between bone and bone.
- Ligaments experience sprains.
Strained Ankle Tendon & Ligaments:
Tendons In Ankle:
There are 2 major tendons that can be strained in the lateral ankle.
- These are the peroneus brevis & the peroneus longus muscles.
There are ligaments on the medial & lateral ankle which are commonly damaged.
- 5 major medial ankle ligaments.
- 3 major lateral ankle ligaments.
- The lateral ankle ligaments are most commonly damaged.
There are 5 (Deltoid) medial & 3 lateral ankle ligaments:
3 Lateral Ankle Ligaments:
- Anterior talofibular ligament.
- Calcaneofibular ligament
- Posterior talofibular ligament.
5 (Deltoid) Medial Ankle Ligaments:
- 1-2) Superficial & deep tibiotalar ligaments.
- 3) Tibiocalcaneal ligament
- 4-5) superficial & deep tibionavicular ligaments.
Lateral Ankle Ligaments:
3 Major Lateral Ankle Ligaments:
1) The Anterior Talofibular Ligament.
- The anterior talofibular ligament is the most commonly damaged ligament in ankle sprains.
- This ligament protects against inversion & plantarflexion.
- If any ligaments are damaged during an inversion ankle sprain, this one is usually included!
2)The Calcaneofibular Ligament.
- This is the second most common ligament damaged in any ankle injury.
- This ligament protects against inversion & dorsiflexion.
- If the calcaneofibular ligament is damaged, then the anterior talofibular ligament is also damaged.
3)The Posterior Talofibular Ligament.
- The posterior talofibular ligament is rarely ruptured.
- Both the calcaneofibular ligament & talofibular ligament will be damaged.
5 Major Medial Ankle Ligaments:
There are 5 medial ankle tendons:
- 1)Superficial tibiotalar ligament.
- 2)Deep tibiotalar ligament.
- 3)Tibiocalcaneal ligament.
- 4)Superficial tibionavicular ligament.
- 5)Deep tibionavicular ligament.
2 Major Tendons In Ankle:
There 2 major lateral ankle tendons:
- The Peroneus Brevis Muscle Tendon.
- The Peroneus Longus Muscle Tendon.
- The peroneus brevis muscle tendon.
- This muscle is involved in eversion & dorsiflexion of the foot.
- This muscle originates at the top of the outside leg.
- It inserts at the base of the 5th metatarsal bone.
- It can frequently avulse the base of the 5th metatarsal.
- This avulsion fracture is known as a Jones fracture.
- The peroneus longus muscle tendon.
- This muscle is involved in eversion & plantarflexion of the foot.
- This muscle originates at the middle outside of the leg.
- It runs to underneath the foot and inserts to the base of the 1st metatarsal.
- This muscle can have an accessory bone.
- This accessory bone is called an os peroneum.
- This accessory bone can cause irritate on the bottom of the outside of the foot.